The Unconscious World of Dream

Dream Theories
Next: Dreams and Myth
Brief Descriptions Of The Most Prominent Theorists & Their Theories
Other Theories: Edgar Cayce

Sigmund Freud


Viennese Psychiatrist Sigmund Freud first developed the theory about the role of the unconscious on the individual. Freud believed the dream worked on two levels. A straightforward level showed events in dreams as remembered. However in the latent level objects and actions in the dreams symbolize sexual and aggressive feelings and ideas that are repressed.

So in dreams it protects the sleeper from the effects of a realization of these wishes. The dream taps into the desire for wish fulfilment when the controlling ego is relaxed during sleep.

Freud wrote "All dreams are in a sense dreams of convenience, they help to prolong sleep instead of waking up. Dreams are the guardians of sleep and not its disturbers.

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Carl Jung
Myths-Dreams-Symbols Uses the Jungian Perspective
Jung was a student and protege of Sigmund Freud


Carl Jung believed a dreams content uses symbolic language. He proposed that a dream expresses collective racial unconscious memories and instincts shared by all people.

These are basic ideas that are themselves symbols. These include the hero, monster, mother, father, mandala, sacrifice and the mask.

Dreams also indicate the way to self actualization. Jungian therapy in fact deals extensively with dreams and fantasies.

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Alfred Adler


Alfred Adler promoted the theory that the desire for power is what drives each person.

As a child you start with a sense of inferiority. But adults tend to move forward towards goals of success and superiority.

Adler`s theory was that dreams reflected these ambitions.
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Fritz Perls


Fritz Pearls is the founder of Gestalt therapy. Pearls believed that characters and objects in our dreams are in fact projections of ourselves.

They are in fact parts of our personality that we do not accept or acknowledge as well as our view of others.

Pearls proposed that since we are the creators of our dreams then everything in our dreams must be aspects of our inner selves.
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